History of Web Design from 1988 to 2012
Opportunities on the Internet and in web design are virtually endless. Web design is the art of presenting content to end users on the World Wide Web. In the digital world, websites appear as an important tool that not only helps companies find their target group but also to attract new customers from around the world. The website has become a means of communication and interaction for business houses. You can establish your corporate identity on a global scale and stay in day-to-day contact with your client.
Although web design has a fairly recent history, it can be easily linked to other areas, such as for example, graphic design. The web design area also represents the current technological point of view. It has a great deal of participation in the everyday lives of people. It’s hard to imagine an internet without animated images, different typography styles, colorful background images or music.
How it began
The year was 1960. The internet was firstly used for US military needs that were various. After that, the universities began to use it too. Right about that time internet involved in a very specific and new tool that was used for the exchange of data between two or more computers, all with a great help of TCP/IP (portable control protocols). Nine years later, ARPANET and GML which means General Markup Language, came into existence. And three years after that, Tomlinson Ray changed significance of it all by creating an email.
A very important year regarding Internet was 1980. That year the US National Standards Institute finally announced their draft on GML (SGML). The latest scientist of the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Tim Berners-Li, created the HTML language (Hypertext Markup Language), which is still available today and you can not imagine the existence of the Internet without it. From 1989 to 1990, Tim Berners-Li proposed a set of protocols and software (the first web browser – from the word browser, called the World Wide Web), which enabled computers to display information. Also, this moment is the beginning of HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol daemon).
Web Design was at the beginning, just a bit advanced. Bu over time and a quite fast HTML become more flexible and complex, so much that it allowed its users to add tables, images, and web pages.
With the advent of Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) and web server technologies with exceptional customization and responsiveness to basic requirements, web design experienced rapid development. The very first browser was Mozaik in 1993, and it finally let its users surf in visual terms. It also enabled technology to the public. the creator of Mozaic is the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA). This browser has the power to enable users to see graphics and text, but it was in a limited arrangement and schedule that has influenced the ability to provide information. Graphic design and visual communication were very limited back then.